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The Death Of Gunnar

Now of all the men gathered together at the Thing of the year 974, no

man was handsomer or more splendidly clad than Gunnar. He was arrayed in

the scarlet raiment given him by King Harald, and he bore on his arm a

gold ring, given him by Hacon the Earl, and the horse he rode had a

shining black skin.

A brave figure he made one morning as he left the Hill of Laws and

passed out beyond the tents of the men
f Mossfell. And as he went there

came to meet him a woman whose dress was no less rich than his. She

stopped as he drew near, and told him that she was Hallgerda, Hauskuld's

daughter, and that she knew well that he was Gunnar the traveller, and

she wished to hear some of the wonders of the lands beyond the seas. So

he sat down, and they two talked together for long, and they agreed

well, and became friends. After a while he asked her if she had a


'No,' she replied; men feared her, for they held that she brought them

ill-luck; but at that Gunnar laughed, and said, 'What would you answer

if I asked you to marry me?'

'Are you jesting?' said Hallgerda.

'No, of a sooth,' replied Gunnar.

'Then go and see what my father has to say to it,' answered Hallgerda,

and Gunnar went.

Hauskuld was inside his booth when Gunnar arrived. Hrut was there

likewise, and bade him welcome. For a while the talk ran upon the

business of the Thing, and then Gunnar turned and asked what answer

Hauskuld would give if he offered to lay down money for Hallgerda.

'What do you say, Hrut?' inquired Hauskuld.

'It ought not to be,' replied Hrut. 'No man has aught but good to say of

you; no man has aught but ill to say of her. And this I must not hide

from you.'

'I thank you for your plain speech,' said Gunnar; 'but my soul is still

set on wedding Hallgerda. And we have spoken together, and are agreed in

this matter.'

But though Hrut knew that his words were vain, he told Gunnar all that

had happened in respect of Hallgerda and her two husbands. And Gunnar

weighed it for a while, and then he said, 'You know the saying,

"Forewarned is forearmed." Doubtless it is true, all that you have told

of Hallgerda, but I am strong, and have travelled far, and if we can

make a bargain, so shall it be.'

So a messenger was sent for Hallgerda, and she betrothed herself, as she

had done to Glum, and after that Gunnar rode over to Njal, and told him

what things had happened.

'Evil will come of it betwixt you and me,' said Njal sadly.

'No woman, or man either, shall ever work ill between us,' answered

Gunnar, who loved Njal more than his own father.

'She works ill wherever she goes,' replied Njal, 'and you will never

cease making atonements for her;' but he said no more, for he was a wise

man and wasted no words, and when Gunnar asked him to come to the

wedding feast he gave his promise that he would be there.

* * * * *

The winter after Gunnar's wedding, he and Hallgerda were bidden to a

great feast at Njal's house. Njal and his wife greeted them heartily,

and by-and-by Helgi, Njal's son, came, and with him Thorhalla his wife.

Then Bergthora, Njal's wife, went up to Hallgerda, and said, 'Give place

to Thorhalla,' but Hallgerda would not, and she fell to quarrelling with

Bergthora, and at last Bergthora taunted Hallgerda with having plotted

to do Thorwald her husband to death. At that Hallgerda turned and said

to Gunnar: 'It is nothing to be married to the strongest man in Iceland,

if you avenge not these insults, Gunnar.'

But Gunnar cried that he would take no part in women's quarrels, least

of all in Njal's house, and bade Hallgerda come home with him.

'We shall meet again, Bergthora,' said Hallgerda as she mounted the

sleigh. Then they rode back to Lithend and spent the rest of the winter


When the spring came, Gunnar went to the Thing, bidding Hallgerda take

heed, and to give no cause of offence to his friends. But she would give

no promise, and he set forth with a heavy heart.

By ill-fortune, Njal and Gunnar owned a wood between them, and when Njal

and his sons departed to the Thing, Bergthora, Njal's wife, ordered

Swart her servant to cut her some branches for kindling fires from this

very forest. These tidings reached the ears of Hallgerda, and she

muttered with a grim face, 'It is the last time that Swart shall steal

my wood,' and bade Kol, her bailiff, start early next morning and seek


'And when I find him?' asked Kol; but Hallgerda only turned away


'You, the worst of men, ask that?' said she. 'Why, you shall kill him,

of course.'

So Kol took his axe, though he was ill at ease, for he knew that evil

would come of it, and he mounted one of Gunnar's horses and fared to the


He soon saw Swart and his men piling up bundles of firewood, so he left

his horse in a hollow, and crouched down behind some bushes, till he

heard Swart bid the men carry the wood to Njal's house, as he himself

had more work to do. He began to look about for a tall straight young

stem with which to make himself a bow, when Kol sprang out of the bushes

and dealt Swart such a stroke with his axe that he fell dead without a

word. After that Kol went back and told Hallgerda.

And Hallgerda spoke cheering words, and said he need have no fear, for

that she would protect him; but Kol's heart was heavy.

Now Hallgerda had forced Kol to slay Swart, to bring about a quarrel

between her husband and Njal, so she straightway sent a messenger to

seek Gunnar at the Thing, and tell him what had befallen Swart. Gunnar

listened in silence to the messenger's tale; then he called his men

around him, and they all went to Njal's tent, and begged him to come out

and speak to Gunnar.

'Swart, your house servant has been killed by Hallgerda and Kol her

man,' said Gunnar gravely when Njal stood before him; and he told the

tale as he had heard it from the messenger.

'It is for you, Njal, to fix the atonement,' he said at the end.

'You will have work to atone for all Hallgerda's misdoings,' answered

Njal, 'and it will take all our old friendship to keep us from

quarrelling now. But I have it in mind that at the last you shall win

through, but after hard fighting. As to the atonement, as you are my

friend and have no hand in this, I will fix it at twelve ounces of

silver. And if it should come to be your turn to settle an award, I

shall not expect to pay more than that.'

So Gunnar laid down the money and gave it to Bergthora his wife when he

came home with his sons from the Thing. And Bergthora was content, but

said to her husband that it should not be spent, as it would some day do

to make atonement for Kol.

Although Hallgerda met her husband bravely and answered him boldly, in

secret she trembled a little at his stern face and sharp words, as he

told her that she was to remember that whatever quarrels she might

choose to begin, the ending of them would always lie with him. But she

pretended not to care, and went out among her neighbours as usual,

telling all who would listen the tale of the killing of Swart. At length

this reached the ears of Bergthora, and she was sore angered, but bided

her time in silence.

When Njal and his sons went up to the pastures to see after the cattle,

and the thralls were busy working in the fields, Bergthora the mistress

was left alone in the house. On this day a man mounted on a black horse

and armed with a spear and a short sword rode up to the door and asked

her if she could find something for him to do. He was skilled in many

things, he said, but his temper was hot, and had oftentimes been his


'I will give you work,' answered Bergthora, 'but you must do whatever I

bid you, even though it should be to slay a man.'

'You have plenty of other men whom you can better trust on such

business,' replied the man, as if he repented of his bargain; but

Bergthora only told him that she expected her servants to do as they

were bid, and sent the man to put his horse in the stable.

During that summer another Thing was held and Njal and his sons went to

it, and likewise Gunnar. But Bergthora was left alone in the house with

her servants.

Then she called Atli, the new man, and bade him seek out Kol, that he

might slay him, so Atli took his horse and his sword and spear and


He found Kol in the place where some men had shown him, and he spoke to

Kol civilly, but only received rude tones in answer. So, without more

ado, Atli thrust at him, and Kol, though wounded, swung his axe above

his head; but his eyes had grown dim, and he could not see to aim, and

he fell to the ground and rolled over.

Atli left the body where it was, and rode on till he came to some of

Gunnar's men, and bade them go and tell Hallgerda that Kol was dead.

'Did you kill him?' asked the man.

'Well, I don't expect Hallgerda will think that he dealt his own

death-blow,' answered Atli; and with that he rode back to Bergthora, who

praised him for the swiftness with which he had done her bidding. But

Atli did not seem content, and at last he said:

'What will Njal think?'

'Oh, never fear him,' replied Bergthora, 'for he took with him the money

of the atonement for the slaying of Swart, and now he can pay it over

for Kol. But in spite of the atonement, beware of Hallgerda, who knows

nought of promises.'

When Hallgerda heard of Kol's slaying, she bade a messenger ride to

Gunnar at the Thing, and Gunnar sent to seek out Njal and Skarphedinn

his son. They came to his tent, and he greeted them, and then Njal said

that Bergthora his wife had done great wrong in breaking the atonement,

and that Gunnar must now fix the award for Kol.

'Let it be the same as that which I paid for Swart,' said Gunnar; and

Njal laid down the money and they parted, and no ill blood was between

them, though their wives were still resolved to do each other all the

ill they could.

Njal was too wise a man not to know that Hallgerda would seek revenge on

Atli for the slaying of Kol, and he begged Atli would take service far

away to the east, so that Hallgerda might not reach him. But Atli told

Njal that he would sooner be slain in his service than live free in the

service of another master, and he would gladly stay where he was if Njal

would grant him the atonement due to a free man.

This Njal granted, and Atli remained in his house.

Hallgerda soon came to know what had happened, and she sent messengers

both to Bergthora and to Gunnar at the Thing to tell them about it.

* * * * *

'Hallgerda my wife has caused Atli to be slain!' said Gunnar to Njal and

to Skarphedinn his son. 'What atonement must I make for him?'

'The atonement will be heavy, for he was no thrall, but a freeman, and I

fear it may cause strife between us,' replied Njal; but Gunnar stretched

out his hand and said that no woman should sow strife betwixt him and

Njal. Then Njal fixed a hundred ounces of silver, and Gunnar laid it

down before him.

'Hallgerda does not let our servants die of old age,' said Skarphedinn,

as they rode home from the Thing.

* * * * *

Now the words came true, that Gunnar had spoken, and 'blow for blow'

grew to be the rule between Hallgerda and Bergthora; but for all that

there was no quarrel between Njal and Gunnar.

So the years went by, and many Things had been held, and much

blood-money had been paid, when one spring there was a great dearth of

hay throughout all Iceland, and much cattle died. Gunnar, who was wise

as well as rich, had seen what was coming and had laid up stores of both

dried meat and of hay. As long as they lasted, he shared them with his

neighbours, but when his barns were empty he called Kolskegg his brother

and two of his friends, and they all fared to Kirkby, where dwelt Otkell

the son of Skarf.

This Otkell owned many flocks and herds and wide pastures, and Gunnar

hoped that his barns might yet be full.

'I have come to buy meat and hay, if there is any in your storehouses,

for mine are empty!' said Gunnar.

'I have yet many storehouses untouched,' answered Otkell, 'but I will

sell you nothing.'

'Will you give me them, then?' asked Gunnar, 'and I will pay you back

some time in what you will.'

'I will neither give nor sell,' said Otkell.

'Let us take what we want and leave the money,' said Thrain, who had

come with Gunnar, but Gunnar answered: 'I am no robber!' and was turning

to go when Otkell stopped him.

'Will you buy a thrall from me? He is a good thrall,' said Otkell, 'but

I have no need of him.'

And Gunnar bought the thrall, and they all went home to Lithend


When Njal heard that Otkell would not sell to Gunnar, he was very wroth

and rode up into the hills with all his sons, and took meat from his

storehouses and bound it upon five horses, and hay from his barns and

bound it upon ten horses, and they drove them all to Lithend, which was

Gunnar's house.

'Never ask another man for aught when you can ask me,' said Njal, and

Gunnar answered:

'Your gifts are great, but truly your love is greater.'

In a few weeks the summer began, and, as was his custom, Gunnar rode to

the Thing, leaving Hallgerda in the house at Lithend.

The day after he had ridden away with his men Hallgerda sent for Malcolm

the thrall, and said to him:

'I have somewhat for you to do! Take with you two horses besides the one

you ride, and go to Kirkby and steal meat enough to load the two horses,

and butter and cheese as well. But take heed, when all is done, to set

the storehouses on fire, so that none can trace that the goods have


Malcolm the thrall lifted his head and looked at her.

'I have never been a thief, in spite of all my ill-deeds,' said he.

But Hallgerda only laughed and made sport of him.

'Do you think men have kept silent about your misdeeds?' she asked.

'Hie hence when I bid you, or you shall not see the new moon rise!'

And Malcolm the thrall knew that she spoke no jesting words, and he did

her bidding; and none would have known of the thing had he not dropped

his knife when he was trying to mend the thong of his shoe, and his belt


A few days after that Gunnar and his men returned home, and many guests

with him. The table was set by Hallgerda herself, and besides meat there

were also great cheeses and jars of butter. Well Gunnar knew that Njal

had not sent these, and he asked Hallgerda whence they came.

'It beseems a man to eat what is before him and not to trouble himself

further,' answered Hallgerda; but Gunnar cried out:

'I will have no part in food that is ill come by,' and with that he gave

her a buffet on the cheek.

'I shall remember that,' said Hallgerda, and she got up and went out.

* * * * *

The next morning, Skamkell, Otkell's friend, was riding to bring in some

sheep, when he saw something bright on the side of the path. He got off

his horse to see what it was, and found the belt and knife which Malcolm

had dropped, and he took them straight to Kirkby.

'Did you ever see these things before?' asked Skamkell.

'Yes, often,' answered Otkell; 'they are the knife and belt of Malcolm

the thrall. And they asked many men the same question, and they all knew

them likewise. Then they went toward Mord the son of Valgard and took

counsel with him, how to charge Gunnar's thrall with the theft and the

burning; for they feared Gunnar, the mighty man of war. At last, for

three silver marks Mord agreed to give them his help, and bade them

follow out his plan.

It was this. That they should send women over the country with goods of

housekeeping use, and mark what was given them in exchange. 'Take heed

that you note carefully,' said Mord, 'because no man will keep in his

house the things that he has stolen, if he has a chance of getting rid

of them. Set therefore apart whatever you get from each house, and bring

it to me.'

And it was done exactly as Mord commanded, and in fourteen days the

women came back, all bearing large bundles.

'Who gave you the most?' asked Mord, and one woman answered:

'Hallgerda, the wife of Gunnar; she gave us a cheese cut into great


'I will keep that cheese,' said Mord.

When the women had gone, Mord rode away to Otkell's farm, and bade him

fetch the cheese-mould of Thorgerda his wife. And when it was brought,

Mord took the slices and laid them in it, and they filled up the mould.

After this they all saw that Hallgerda had stolen the cheese, and, now

that Mord had found the thief, he went back to his own house.

The tidings soon spread far and wide, and reached the ears of Kolskegg,

who rode over to Lithend, so that he might speak with Gunnar.

'Know you that it is said by every man that it was Hallgerda who caused

the fire at Kirkby, that she might steal the cheese and butter?' asked


'I have thought before that it must be so, but how can I set it right?'

answered Gunnar.

'You must make atonement to Otkell, and it is better there should be no

delay,' replied Kolskegg.

'I will do your bidding,' said Gunnar; and, mounting his horse, he took

eleven with him, beside Thrain and Lambi his friends, and they all fared

to Kirkby. There, Otkell came out to greet them, and with him were

Skamkell and two other men, Hallkell and Hallbjorm.

'I am here,' said Gunnar, 'to offer atonement for the misdeed of my wife

and the thrall you sold me, for it was they who caused the fire and

stole the cheeses. And, if it pleases you, let the award be fixed by the

best of the men round!'

'That sounds fairer than it is, Gunnar,' put in Skamkell, 'for you are a

man of many things, whereas Otkell has few.'

'Well,' said Gunnar, 'then I will offer atonement of twice the value of

all that Otkell lost;' but again it was Skamkell and not Otkell who


'Beware, Otkell, of giving him the right of making the award when it

belongs to you.'

And Otkell answered: 'I will fix the award myself, Gunnar.'

'Then fix it,' said Gunnar, who was waxing wroth at this delay; but once

more Otkell turned to Skamkell, and asked what he should answer.

'Let the award be made by Gizur the white and Geir the priest,' and this

saying pleased Otkell.

'Do you as you will,' replied Gunnar, 'but do not think that men will

speak well of your refusing the choices that I gave you.'

And after that he rode home with his men.

Then Hallbjorm spoke to Otkell, saying: 'Ill was it to refuse the offers

of Gunnar, which were good offers, as you know well. Can it be that you

think yourself a match for Gunnar in fight, when he has proved himself

better than any man in the island? But go and see Gizur the white and

Geir the priest at once, and see if the offers of Gunnar do not seem

good to them! For he is a just and gentle-hearted man, and perchance he

will still hearken to you, if you accept them.'

So Otkell, who ever listened to the last speaker, bade, them bring out

his horse and set forth, Skamkell walking by his side. In a little

while, when they had gone a mile or two, Skamkell said: 'You have much

to look to at Kirkby, and no one but yourself can see after the men. Get

home, therefore, and let me ride to Gizur the white and Geir the priest

instead of you.

'Go, then,' answered Otkell, who was lazy and never took the trouble to

think for himself; 'but see you do not tell them lies, as you are wont

to do.'

'I will lie no more than I can help, master,' answered Skamkell, jumping

on Otkell's horse.

Otkell fared home and found Hallbjorm in front of the house.

'Has anything befallen you that you have returned on foot?' asked he;

and Otkell, who feared him, said hurriedly:

'I had many men to look over, and much work to do, so I sent Skamkell in

my stead,' But Hallbjorm held his peace and eyed him scornfully.

'He who makes a thrall his friend rues it ever more,' he answered at

last. 'And it is ill done when men's lives are at stake to send the

biggest liar in Iceland on such an errand.'

'If you are afraid now, what would you be if Gunnar's bill were

singing,' asked Otkell, who was always brave when there were none to

slay, and whose courage always waxed great when there were none to


Hallbjorm laughed as he heard him.

'Who can tell who will fear most at the sound of that singing? But this

you know well, that when the fight has begun Gunnar does not give his

bill much time to sing!'

Now when Skamkell reached Mossfell, he told truly to Gizur the white the

offers Gunnar had made.

'Why did not Otkell accept them?' asked Gizur, 'they were generous and

noble, as Gunnar's offers are.'

'Otkell wished to do you honour,' replied Skamkell; but Gizur for all

answer bade Geir the priest be sent for, and next morning, as soon as

he arrived, Gizur told him the story, and after he had finished he said:

'Let Skamkell tell it again, for I misdoubt him greatly.'

So Skamkell was called in, but he was wary, and he told his tale the

second time as he had done the first, and though Gizur still misdoubted

him he could find no fault.

'Mayhap you speak the truth,' he said; 'but I know the wickedness of

your deeds, and if you die in your bed your face belies you.'

And after a little more talking Skamkell rode home to Kirkby.

'Gizur and Geir greet you,' said Skamkell, 'and they wish that this

matter should have a peaceful ending. They will that Gunnar shall be

summoned as having received and eaten the goods, likewise Hallgerda for

stealing them!'

So Otkell followed this counsel, and five days before the opening of the

Althing he rode with his brother and Skamkell and a great following to


When Gunnar heard what errand they were on, he was very wroth, and after

Otkell had read the summons, and departed with his men, he went away to

seek Njal.

But Njal told him not to trouble, as before the Thing was over he should

be held in greater honour than before.

Gizur the white rode to the Thing also, and he spoke to Otkell, and

asked why he had summoned Gunnar to the Thing. Otkell listened in amaze

and then answered that he had done so because of the counsel that Gizur

himself and Geir the priest had told Skamkell.

'He lied, then,' replied Gizur; 'we gave no such counsel;' and Gunnar

and his friends were called, and Gizur stood forth and bade Gunnar make

his own award. At first Gunnar refused, but at length, after Gizur and

Geir the priest swore that what Skamkell had said was false, he agreed

to do it. And his award was this: that atonement in full should be made

for the burnt storehouses and for the stolen food. 'But for the thrall,'

said Gunnar, 'I will give nothing, for you knew what he was when you

sold him to me. Therefore I will restore him to you. On the other hand,

the ill-words which you have spoken of me, and the way in which you

sought to put me to shame, I count to be worth full as great an

atonement as the burning of a few sheds, of the stealing of a few

cheeses. So that for money we stand equal. One thing more I would say,

Beware lest you seek again to do me evil.'

So spake Gunnar, and no man said him nay. But after a little Gizur asked

that Gunnar might forgive the wrongs Otkell had done him, and hold him

his friend. At this Gunnar laughed out in scorn and answered:

'Let Skamkell be his friend. It is to him Otkell looks for counsel. They

are fitting mates. But one piece of counsel I will give him, and that is

to take shelter with his kinsfolk, for if he stays in this country his

end will be speedy.'

For a while Gunnar rested in peace at home and there was no more

quarrelling. He gathered in his harvest and tended his cattle, ploughed

his fields, and so the autumn and winter passed away and the spring


One day when the sun was shining Gunnar took his small axe, and a bag of

corn, and set out to sow seed. And while he was stooping to do this,

Otkell galloped past, on a wild horse that carried him faster than he

would, and he did not see Gunnar. As ill-chance would have it, Gunnar

raised himself at that moment from stooping over the furrow, and

Otkell's spur tore his ear, and he was very wroth.

'You summon me first, and then you ride over me,' he said, and, as was

his wont, Skamkell made answer:

'The wound might have been far sorer, but your anger was greater at

the Thing, when you judged the atonement and clenched your bill in your


'When we next meet my bill shall have something to say to you,' said

Gunnar, and went on sowing his corn.

The corn was all sown, and Gunnar was beginning to think of other work,

when one morning his shepherd came riding fast.

'I passed eight men in Markfleet,' said he; 'their faces were set this

way, and Skamkell was with them. He ever speaks ill of you, and I have

heard him tell how you shed tears when Otkell rode over you.'

'It does not do to mind words,' answered Gunnar; 'but for the warning

you have given me you shall henceforth do the work that pleases you. Now

go to sleep.'

So the shepherd slept, and Gunnar took the saddle off his horse, and

laid his own saddle on it; he fetched his shield, and buckled on his

sword, and then he took his bill, and as his hand touched it it sang

loudly. Rannveig his mother heard the sound, and came out from the door

to the place where Gunnar was fastening on his helmet.

'Never have I seen you so full of wrath,' said she. But Gunnar answered

her nothing and rode quickly away.

Rannveig went back to the sitting-room, where many men were talking,

and, looking at them, she said:

'Loud is your talk, but the bill sang louder when Gunnar rode away.'

When Kolskegg heard that, he saddled his horse and hasted after Gunnar.

* * * * *

Gunnar's horse was swift and steady, and he never drew rein till he

reached the ford which he knew Otkell's men must pass. There he tied up

his horse, and awaited them on foot. When Otkell's men came up, they,

too, sprang to the ground, and Hallbjorm strode towards Gunnar.

'Keep back,' said Gunnar, 'I have no quarrel with brave men like you,'

but Hallbjorm answered:

'I cannot for shame stand by while you kill my brother;' and he smote

with his spear at Gunnar. While they were fighting, Skamkell struck at

Gunnar's back with his axe, but Gunnar turned round, and, with his bill

caught the axe from beneath, so that it fell out of Skamkell's hands. A

second thrust with the bill stretched Skamkell on the ground, and after

him Otkell and three others. They slew eight men in all, Kolskegg


After that they rode home, and as they went Gunnar said: 'I wonder if I

am less base than others because I kill men less willingly than they.'

* * * * *

The first thing Gunnar did was to seek counsel of Njal, who bid him take

care never to break the peace which was made between him and his foes,

and never to slay more than one man of the same race, 'else your life

will be but short.'

'Do you know the death you yourself will die?' he asked.

'Yes, I know it,' answered Njal.

'And what is it?' asked Gunnar once more.

'One that none could guess,' replied Njal, and Gunnar went away.

Now at the next Thing there was great dispute over this suit, but in the

end it was settled to Gunnar's honour, and Gizur the white and Geir the

priest gave pledges that they would keep the peace. But there were other

men who thought they had been wronged by Gunnar, and laid plots to anger

him, so that he might be outlawed and forced to leave the country.

By ill-fortune the words which Njal had spoken when he bade Gunnar never

to slay more than one man of the same race were noised abroad, and his

enemies made a plan by which Gunnar should be forced to fight Thorgeir,

son of Otkell, so that his doom might come upon him.

Thus matters stood for a while, and then Gunnar rode down to the isles

to see what his thralls were doing, and his foes heard of it, and

resolved to lie in wait for him at the Rang river.

But when Gunnar returned he was not alone, as they expected he would be,

for Kolskegg his brother was at his side, and carried the short sword

which some of them knew well, while Gunnar was armed with his sword and

his bill.

The two were yet far from the Rang river when the bill which Gunnar bore

in his hand sweated with blood, and Kolskegg, who had not yet seen this

sight, grew cold with terror.

'This has some dreadful meaning,' said he; and Gunnar nodded.

'It only happens before a great fight,' he answered, 'and they are

called "wound drops" in other lands. So beware. Let us not be taken

unawares;' and they looked well about them, till they saw some men lying

hidden on the banks on the other side of the ford.

Long it were to tell of that fierce fight, and of the men that were

slain by Kolskegg and Gunnar. At last Thorgeir, Otkell's son, forced his

way to the front and swung his sword at Gunnar. The blow would have been

deadly had it fallen, but, leaping aside, he thrust his bill through

Thorgeir's body, and flung him far into the river.

At that the other men turned and fled away.

'Our money-chests will be emptied for atonement for these men,' said

Gunnar as they drew near Lithend, and when they told their mother,

Rannveig shook her head.

'I fear lest ill should come of it,' said she.

And ill _did_ come of it.

Njal's heart was sore when Gunnar told him of the fight by the Rang

river, for he said:

'You have gone against my counsel, and have slain two men of the same

race. So take heed, if you break the award, your life will pay forfeit.

But whatever befalls I am always your friend.'

Soon the Thing was held, and upon the Hill of Laws Gizur the white

summoned Gunnar, for manslaughter of Thorgeir, Otkell's son, and

demanded that his goods should be forfeited and his body outlawed, and

that no man should help or harbour him.

After this there was much talking, but at last the award was given by

twelve men.

And this was it.

Money was to be paid down for the men slain, and Gunnar and Kolskegg

were to depart from Iceland and not return for three winters. But if

Gunnar should break the settlement and stay at home, any man might slay

him as he would.

Gunnar promised to keep the award, but he did not hold it a just one.

Then Kolskegg began to inquire of the vessels that were sailing that

summer, and he settled that he would go on board the ship of Armfin of

the Bay, and Gunnar his brother would go with him.

They sent down to the shore those things that they might need in foreign

lands, and then Gunnar bade farewell to Njal and his men, and thanked

his friends for the help they had given him.

At the last he took leave of the thralls at Lithend, and of his mother,

and told them that, since his own country had outlawed him, he would

never return to it. Then he threw his arms round every man, and without

looking back sprang into the saddle.

As they rode along the Mark fleet, his horse stumbled, and Gunnar fell

to the ground. When he got up he did not mount at once, but stood and

looked round him for a while. Suddenly he turned and said to Kolskegg:

'Never has my home seemed to me so fair as now when the corn is ripe and

ready for cutting. Come what may, I will not leave it.'

'Do not let your foes triumph over you,' answered Kolskegg. 'For if you

should break your atonement, any man may deal with you as he will.'

'I will go no whither,' repeated Gunnar, 'and I would that you would stay

with me.'

'I cannot do this thing,' answered Kolskegg; 'but if you go back, tell

my mother and my kindred that I bid them farewell for ever, for you will

soon be dead, and I shall have naught to bind me to Iceland.'

Hallgerda's heart was filled with joy when Gunnar came under the

doorway, but Rannveig said nothing, for her heart was sad.

All that winter Gunnar sat fast at Lithend and would not be prevailed on

to leave it, and when the winter had gone and the Thing had met, Gizur

the white proclaimed Gunnar an outlaw for having broken his atonement.

Then he called together all his foes, and they planned together how that

they should ride to Lithend and slay him. But Njal heard what they had

been saying, and he warned Gunnar.

'You have always dealt truly and kindly with me,' said Gunnar, when Njal

had finished speaking, 'and if ill befall me, take heed, I pray you, of

my son and Hogni. As for Grani, he has an evil nature, and there is no

turning him from bad deeds.'

It was in the autumn that Mord, the son of Valgard, sent word to

Gunnar's foes that the time had come to make the attack upon Lithend, as

all his men had gone to the haymaking on the isles of the sea. So they

set forth secretly, but stopped first at the farm nearest to Lithend,

where they seized the farmer, and warned him that unless he came with

them and put to death the hound Sam which had guarded Gunnar ever since

Olaf the Peacock had bestowed him as a gift, his own life should be

forfeit. Thorkell the farmer was sore at heart when he heard what was

required of him, but he took his axe and went with the rest. It was easy

to entice Sam the hound into a hollow dell; but when he saw the crowd of

men behind Thorkell he knew that evil was afoot, and sprang on Thorkell

and tore open his throat. Then Aumond of Witchwood smote him on the head

with his axe, and Sam gave a howl which was not the utterance of any

mortal dog, and rolled over.

Gunnar, who was sleeping in the narrow space above his great wooden

hall, heard the awful sound, and said to himself: 'So they have killed

thee, Sam, my fosterling. Well, I will follow thee soon;' and, taking

his bill in his hand, he went up into the roof of the hall, where among

the beams were little slits for windows. In the winter there were

shutters fastened over these little slits, but now they were left open.

From the beam on which he was crouching Gunnar saw a red tunic slipping

by the window, and he thrust swiftly out his bill. In a moment a man's

body fell upon the ground below.

'Well, is Gunnar at home?' said Gizur, and Thorgrim the Easterling

answered: 'Go and see for yourselves; but if Gunnar is not at home, his

bill is,' and those were his last words, for the thrust had been mortal.

It hardly seemed possible that one man could keep such a force at bay,

but wherever they went Gunnar's arrows followed them. Three times they

came on, and three times they fell back, and Gunnar's heart beat high,

for he thought that perchance their courage might fail, and that they

would return whither they had come.

'One of their own arrows sticks outside the window,' he said, laughing

loud in his glee; 'I will send it to kill its master.' But his mother

answered: 'It is ill to waken a sleeping dog, my son.'

Her words were wise, but Gunnar would not listen to them. He shot the

arrow into the midst of the men gathered beneath him, and knew not that

it had dealt a death-blow, or that Gizur the white had been watching its


'The arm that drew in that shaft had a ring on it--a gold ring such as

Gunnar wears,' said he, 'and if they had not shot away their own arrows

they would not be needing ours;' and with that he urged them to make a

fresh attack.

'Let us set the house on fire,' said Mord, but Gizur answered him hotly,

and bade him find out some other plan.

Now Mord was a man of many thoughts, and great skill in planning, so he

looked about him to see if there was aught else he could do. Lying near

were some ropes, and as soon as he saw them he cried out, 'If we can

twist one end of the ropes round the beams, and the other round this

rock, we can twist them tight, and pull the roof off the hall.'

And this was done; and when the roof fell down they beheld Gunnar

standing on the beam, shooting arrows at his enemies.

At this Mord cried once more that the house should be burned, but the

rest called shame on him, and then Thorbrand crept up on one side and

cut Gunnar's bowstring with his axe. But before he could reach the

ground again Gunnar had seized his bill, and driven it through his body.

Then, without looking round, Gunnar said swiftly to Hallgerda his wife:

'Let you and my mother cut off two locks of hair from your heads, and

twist them into my bowstring, so that I may shoot at them once more.'

'Does aught depend on it?' she asked. 'My life,' he said; and Hallgerda

made answer: 'Do you remember that time when you struck me in the face?'

said she; 'well, now you shall die for it.'

* * * * *

For many a day men sang of the fight which Gunnar made for his life and

the numbers that he slew before he himself was struck down and slain.

'We have laid low a great chief,' said Gizur, 'and many hearts will be

sore because of his slaying. But, though his body is dead, his name

shall live for ever.'